bdawe wrote:To what extend will these trains actually have to be "FRA compliant"?
Transport Canada does allow some waivers (just like the FRA), but my guess is VIA will go for compliant equipment. The UK style Renaissance cars are allowed to operate under some sort of a waiver, but thats probably because some structural modifications were made and they never lead trains. So non-compliant passenger cars could be a possibility, but locomotives would probably have to be compliant.
GO Transit is also looking into buying non-compliant trains. Transport Canada has hinted that they may require a temporal separation of different types of equipment, or a collision avoidance system like PTC.