It is amazing how much preliminary work is needed outside of the new south portal. Just a few items.
1. Relocate alignment of present tracks to new alignment without interfeering with Amtrak and Marc trains.
2. Relocate CAT to meet new track alignments.
3. Build new West Baltimore station with high platforms. Will not iterfeer with present low platform station.
4. Change street bridges ( aboout 8 ? ) guess that means new bridges.
5, IInstall manual switch for construction siding
6. All this for over $1B
All the construction for 2 new bores will be over $4.5B. What is puzzling is that the final 2 additional bores are quoted as only costing ~1$1B+ . It would seem that when TBM(s) finish the first 2 bores that Amtrak would at least have the TBMs bore the other 2 bores. Do not finish the 2 additional bores but that would eliminate the costs of having to later setting up borings and buying TBM(s). All spoil removal would continue. Amtraak probably would not be able to dump spoil at same location. Amtrak also acknowledges the possibility of encountering dirty dirt with the first 2 bores. Disposal of possible dirty dirt later might be much more difficult.
Here is Record of Decision of March 2017 that goes into more detail.
https://www.amtrak.com/content/dam/proj ... Signed.pdf